Volume 4, Issue 1, March 2019, Page: 12-27
Nashe Dam Fail and Risk Analysis
Motuma Shiferaw Regasa, Department of Hydraulic and Water Resources Engineering, Wollega University, Nekemte, Ethiopia
Asie Kemal Jabir, Department of Civil Engineering, Addis Ababa University, Addis Ababa, Ethiopia
Received: Dec. 19, 2018;       Accepted: Jan. 25, 2019;       Published: Mar. 14, 2019
DOI: 10.11648/j.es.20190401.12      View  109      Downloads  40
Nashe earth fill dam was constructed for the aim multi-purpose use (hydroelectric power and irrigation). While the construction of this dam many peoples around Dam were immigrated from their residential to another places including to the town. This research focused on the dam fail analysis by considering overtopping and piping failure mode. The input data were collected from Min. of Water and Energy, Federal Democratic Republic of Ethiopia (FDRE). The dam breach parameters were determined by applying the principle with Von Thun and Gillette. In dam break analysis the first step is model setup by using three dimensions (x, y and Z) of the downstream. By applying overtopping model, the peak discharge 8761.23m3/sec was obtained, which was more than 7.33 times the probable maximum flood and by applying piping mode, the peak discharge was obtained is 8620.85 m3/sec which was more than 7.21 times the probable maximum food at the nearby location of the dam. This indicates that, the peak outflow development during raining season was greater than inflow discharge flood (IDF) used as upper boundary condition for breach parameters. So it was summarized that high peak outflow and risk were developed to downstream by overtopping mode as compare by piping mode during occurrence of dam breach. As from the sensitivity analysis it was concluded, the effect of breach time on discharge is more sounded than the water level increase. This Dam Break modeling results obtained by studies could be used as flood mappings to assist the societies/communities for future planning developments in the flood prone areas/zones in advance.
Dam Fail, Analysis, HEC-RAS, Hydrograph, HEC-Geo RAS, Sensitivity Analysis
To cite this article
Motuma Shiferaw Regasa, Asie Kemal Jabir, Nashe Dam Fail and Risk Analysis, Engineering Science. Vol. 4, No. 1, 2019, pp. 12-27. doi: 10.11648/j.es.20190401.12
Copyright © 2019 Authors retain the copyright of this article.
This article is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/) which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
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